Carry-over effects of cover crops on weeds and crop productivity in no-till systems - Institut Agro Dijon Access content directly
Journal Articles Field Crops Research Year : 2023

Carry-over effects of cover crops on weeds and crop productivity in no-till systems

Guillaume Adeux
Hugues Busset
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  • PersonId : 1207363
Annick Matejicek
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1207364
Delphine Moreau
Jean-Philippe Guillemin

Abstract

The carry-over effect of cover crops on weeds and crop productivity in the subsequent crops has been related to cover crop composition and cover crop termination methods but their interaction with soil resource availability remains poorly documented, as well as the relative importance of each of these factors. This study investigated the effect of cover crop management (i.e. cover crop mixture, fertilisation, irrigation, termination method and their combinations) on weed biomass and crop productivity in two subsequent crops (spring barley followed by winter linseed). We hypothesised that cover crop management could affect productivity of the subsequent crops through both weed suppression and nitrogen supply. Two experiments spanning a duration of two years were set-up, on two different fields in two different years, to investigate the effect of cover crop mixture (2 or 8 species including or not legume species, plus a bare soil control), water and nitrogen availability at cover crop sowing and cover crop termination methods (rolling, herbicide-use and winter-kill control) on weed biomass and crop productivity of the two subsequent unweeded, unfertilised and directly seeded crops. Weed biomass and crop productivity in both subsequent crops were affected by multiple interactions between cover crop mixture, soil resource availability, cover crop termination method and experiment. In experiment 1, combinations of cover crop management alternative to the reference (i.e. bare soil, without fertilisation and irrigation, winter-killed) mainly showed beneficial carry-over effects (i.e. lower weed biomass and higher crop productivity) in the subsequent spring barley while having no effect in winter linseed. In experiment 2, alternative combinations of cover crop management mainly showed no effects or detrimental carry-over effects (i.e. higher weed biomass and lower crop productivity) in spring barley while having some positive effects in winter linseed (i.e. only when cover crops were terminated with herbicide-use). Crop productivity was mainly affected by weed biomass which was significantly reduced almost only when cover crops were terminated with herbicide-use. Crop productivity was also affected but to a lesser extent by cover crop soil-mediated effects (e.g. nitrogen supply). These results highlight complex interactions between cover crop management and environmental conditions on the carry-over effects of cover crops in the subsequent crops. Cover crops may not play an essential role for weed management in no-till and herbicide-free systems, particularly at low levels of cover crop biomass production.
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Dates and versions

hal-04052344 , version 1 (13-03-2024)

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Alicia Rouge, Guillaume Adeux, Hugues Busset, Rodolphe Hugard, Juliette Martin, et al.. Carry-over effects of cover crops on weeds and crop productivity in no-till systems. Field Crops Research, 2023, 295, pp.art. 108899. ⟨10.1016/j.fcr.2023.108899⟩. ⟨hal-04052344⟩
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